1. The Opening – Al Faatihah
بِسۡمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحۡمٰنِ الرَّحِیۡمِ
With the name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Very-Merciful.
Three of Allahs beautiful names are mentioned. Allah who is that being whom everything takes as its God. Ar Rahman-the All-Merciful and Ar Raheem-The Very-Merciful. He is the One who feels compassion and the One who treats gently.
اَلۡحَمۡدُ لِلّٰہِ رَبِّ الۡعٰلَمِیۡنَ ۙ﴿۱﴾
1. Praise belongs to Allah, the Lord of all the worlds.
All gratitude, thanks and praises are entirely for Allah the Sustainer and Nourisher of all the known and unknown created worlds and the created beings in them such as men, jinn, angels etc.
الرَّحۡمٰنِ الرَّحِیۡمِ ۙ﴿۲﴾
2. The All-Merciful, the Very Merciful.
Ar Rahman-the All-Merciful and Ar Raheem-The Very-Merciful. He is the One who feels compassion and the One who treats gently. It has been said that Ar-Rahman is mercy to all creation and Ar-Raheem is mercy to the believers. Ar- Rahman is the one that shows mercy in this world and the hereafter and Ar Raheem is the One that shows mercy in the hereafter
مٰلِکِ یَوۡمِ الدِّیۡنِ ؕ﴿۳﴾
3. The Master of the Day of Requital.
He is the Soverign on that day when all of creation will stand before Him to account for thir deeds.
اِیَّاکَ نَعۡبُدُ وَ اِیَّاکَ نَسۡتَعِیۡنُ ؕ﴿4﴾
4. You alone do we worship, and from You alone do we seek help.
We humbly submit to You alone. You alone do we declare to be One, You alone do we fear and You alone do we hope for and no one else. You alone do we ask for help to worship and obey You.
اِہۡدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الۡمُسۡتَقِیۡمَ ۙ﴿۵﴾
5. Take us on the straight path.
Inspire us to follow the guiding way, the way of the Qu’ran and Islam, the path without any crookedness
صِرَاطَ الَّذِیۡنَ اَنۡعَمۡتَ عَلَیۡہِمۡ ۙ۬ غَیۡرِ الۡمَغۡضُوۡبِ عَلَیۡہِمۡ وَ لَا الضَّآلِّیۡنَ ﴿۷﴾
6. The path of those on whom You have bestowed Your Grace, not of those who have incurred Your wrath, nor of those who have gone astray.
The path of those You have bestowed with the favour of obedience to You, the Prophets, the truthful ones,the martyrs, the righteous ones and the angels. Not the path of the Jews who have incurred the wrath of Allah and not the path of the Christians who have gone astray.