The Topi – Headgear in Islam

THE. TOPEE (islamic headgear)

It is becoming common amongst the youth and the neo salafies [we are amazed,are the shy of the sunnah yet proud of the suit of the fussaq and fujjar who generaly wear such?] to discard the valuble sunnah of the topee ie headgear which is more valuble than the entire world and its contents hence the need for a post to establish its authenticity and the fact that it was a practice of the nabi and his companions


1. Hazrat Ibn Umar (Radiallahu Anhu) narrates that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) used to wear a white topee (Tabrani)

2. It is reported from Ibn Umar (Radiallahu Anhu) that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) wore a white topee. (Mu’jamul Kabeer of Tabraani)

3. It is reported from Ibn Umar (Radiallahu Anhu) that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) wore a white topee. (this Hadeeth is weak – Tazkiratul Maudu’aat pg. 155)

4. Abu Sheikh reports from Ibn Abbas (Radiallahu Anhu) that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) had three topees in his possesion (Bazlul Majhood vol.6 pg. 52)

5. In “Mukhtasar”, a description of Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)’s three topees is found – one was such that on the inside it had a lining sewn with it. The second was made of the Hibarah Fabric and the third was the topee that covered the ears, which was generally worn on journeys and would sometimes be in front at Salah times.

6. Hazrat Ayesha (Radiallahu Anha) narrates that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would wear a white topi which lay flat and compressed to his head. (Ibn ‘Asaakir has reported this; however the Sanad (chain of narrators) is weak. (Faizul Qadeer vol. 5 pg. 246)

7. Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasllam) has said that a Muhrim (person in Ihraam) must not wear a Kurta, turban, pants and a “Burnus” (specific type of Topee) (i.e. he will not wear these types of clothing). (Bukhaari Shareef vol.1 pg. 209, vol.2 pg. 864). It is thus learnt that people were in the habit of wearing the topee in the time of Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).

8. The narration of Ibn Abbas (Radiallahu Anhu) has already been mentioned (refer to no. 29), the subject matter of which was that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would wear a topee under his turban and would sometimes wear only a topee (Ibn Asaakir etc. narrated this Hadith. The Sanad is weak).

9. Hazrat Ayesha (Radiallahu Anha) narrates that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would wear a topee which covered his ears while on a journey and while at home he would wear a thin (i.e. Syrian style) topee. Abu Shaikh has narrated this Hadith. Iraaqi (R.A.) has written that of the Ahaadith dealing with the topee, this hadith is the most authentic and reliable. (Faizul Qadeer vol. 5 pg. 246). This Hadith has already passed under hadith no. 29. 1O.Abu Kabsha Anmaan narrates that the Topee of the Sahaaba (Radiallahu Anhum) were spread out and flat. (Tirmizi – this Hadith is weak pg. 308) Hazrat Gangohi (R.A) explains the meaning of this narration that “their complete heads were covered. The topees would not stand up but were flat and compressed”. (Al-kaukabud Durrie vol.2 pg. 452)


11. Zaid Ibn Jubair says that he saw Abdullah Ibn Zubair (Radiallahu Anhu) wearing a topee. (In the narration, the Arabic word “Burtula” appears which refers to a specific type of topee). Hishaam Bin Urwa also says that he saw Ibn Zubair (Radiallahu Anhu) wearing a topee of thin material.

12. Eesa Ibn Tahmaan says that he saw Anas lbn Malik (Radiallahu Anhu) wearing a topee. In the narration, the word “Burnus” comes which means a long hat. (In Bukhari too, the wearing of a topee by Anas (Radiallahu Anhu) is mentioned. vol. 2 pg. 863).

13. The father of Ash’as reports that he saw Abu Musa Ash’ari (Radiallahu Anhu) coming out of the toilet. Abu Musa had on a Topee.

14. Ismaaeel says that he saw Shuraih wearing a Topee. 15. Abu Shihaab says. that he saw Sa’eed Ibn Jubair (Radiallahu Anhu) wearing a Topee. (both Shihaab and Ibn Jubair are Tabi’ees). Ali Ibn Husain (i.e. Hazrat Zainul Aabideen), Ibrahim Nakh’ee and Dhahaak were all seen wearing Topees. (All these narrations are reported together with their Sanad in Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaiba vol.8 pg. 212/213/242) Hazrat Ali (Radiallahu Anhu) was seen wearing a white Egyptian Topee. (Tabaqaat Ibn Sa’ad {Urdu} vol. 3 pg. 187) The mention of the Topee of Abu lshaq Sabee Tabi’ee is found in Bukhari. (vol.1 pg.159) . Ibn Ul Arabi writes, “The topee is amongst the clothing of the Ambiyaa and Pious ones. It protects the head and keeps the turban in place, which is Sunnah. The topee should sit on the head and should not be standing like a dome. Should anyone feel the necessity of making holes in the topee in order to keep the head cool and to let out steam, then this would be regarded as a means of treatment (i.e. this should not be done without necessity). (Faizul Qadeer vol.5 pg. 247)


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